Conservation Status of the Spotted-Necked Otter

Status up till 1997

There had been an observed decline in distribution range, as these animals faced the problems listed on the Threats page.

1997 - CITES Listing

IN 1997, this species was placed on CITES Appendix II, considered Vulnerable; it was on the IUCN Red Lists for 1999 and 2000, and covered by EC Reg 338/97 B (1/6/97).


The otters are technically protected in many African countries, at least in National Parks and Reserves. Because of the political situations across Africa, however, in many countries this protection is not enforced. There are a number of initiatives underway to conserve this animal. For example, in Kwa-Zulu Natal, the authorities issue guidelines on the management of the species to fisheries managers and poultry farmers, giving tips on minimizing otter predation on stock, and saying that since the animals need clean, unpolluted water, having resident otters in an indication of sound veldt and environmental management.

The Future

It may be that rather than legislating against taking otters, it might be more effective to convince local people that otters are a valuable tourist magnet, and therefore worth far more alive in the wild than dead.

Spotted-Necked Otter